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Futuro Will




Futuro will

El futuro en inglés con 'will'
Se usan varios tiempos verbales para expresar el futuro en inglés - ver el futuro con 'going to'
Aqui vamos a ver el futuro con el verbo auxilliar 'will'. Despues hay un ejercicio con respuestas para practicarlo.

Forma:

Afirmativo
I will = I'll
You will = You'll
He/She/it will = He'll/She'll/It'll
We will = We'll
They will = They'll

Negativo
I will not = I won't
You will not = You won't
He/She/It will not = He won´t/She won't/It won't
We will not = We won´t
They will not = They won't

(se usa la forma contraida cuando se habla ó escribe en situaciones informales)

Se usa will ó won´t para:

Hacer predicciones
ejemplo - Tomorrow it will be sunny (mañana hara sol).
Cuando es una decisión espontanea
ejemplo - I think I´ll go out this evening (saldré esta noche).
Para prometer algo
ejemplo I´ll visit you next week (Te visitare la semana que viene).
Para ofrecer ayuda
ejemplo I´ll help you (Te llevare los libros)
Para pedir que alguien haga algo
ejemplo Will you collect my suit from the drycleaner´s please? (Recogeras mi traje de la tintorería?)

Tambien se usa con las expresiones:

I´m sure + sujeto + will ejemplo I´m sure you'll pass the test
(estoy segura de que aprobaras)

I expect + sujeto + will ejemplo I expect he'll arrive late
(creo que llegara tarde)

Sujeto + will + probably ejemplo I'll probably drive there
(Yo probablemente iré en coche)

I think + sujeto + will ejemplo I think I'll stay in and watch tv this evening (creo que me quedaré en casa y veré la tele esta noche)

Completar estas frases y despues consultar las respuestas.

1. I think ..................................................(I/read/a book) this evening.
2. I expect .................................................(it/rain) at the weekend.
3. (I/help/you)................................................ with your homework.
4. (I/phone/you).......................................... tomorrow.
5. (I /probably/go) .............................................to the cinema tonight.

Future will

The future in English 'will'
Various tenses are used to express the future in English - see the future with 'going to'
Here we see the future of the verb auxilliar 'will'. Then there is an exercise to practice responses.

Form:

Affirmative
I will = I'll
You will = ll
He / She / it will = He'll / She'll / It'll
We will ='ll
They will = They'll

Negative
I will not = I will not
You will not = You will not
He / She / It will not = I will not / She will not / It will not
We will not = We will not
They will not = They will not

(Contracted form is used when speaking or writing in informal situations)

Will or will not be used for:

Make predictions
example - Tomorrow it will be sunny (morning sun will do).
When is a spontaneous decision
example - I think I'll go out this evening (I'll go out tonight).
To promise something
I'll visit you next sample week (I will visit next week).
To offer help
I'll help you example (I'll take the books)
To ask someone to do something
Will you collect my example from the drycleaner's suit please? (Will pick up my suit from the cleaners?)

It is also used with the expressions:

I'm sure will + subject + I'm sure you'll pass example the test
(I'm sure it'll pass)

I expect subject + will + I expect he'll arrive example late
(I think it will be late)

Subject + will + Probably Probably I'll drive there such
(I'll probably drive)

I think + subject + example I think I'll will stay in and watch TV this evening (I think I'll stay home and see on TV tonight)

Complete these sentences and then check the answers.

1. I think ................................................ .. (I / read / a book) this evening.
2. I expect ................................................ . (it / rain) at the weekend.
3. (I / help / you) ........................................... ..... with your homework.
4. (I / phone / you) .......................................... tomorrow.
5. (I / Probably / go) ........................................... to the cinema .. tonight.
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Futuro idiomático going to




Futuro idiomático going to

El "going to" se utiliza para hablar sobre intenciones en el futuro. Es solamente una de las posibles estructuras que hay en inglés para hablar en futuro.

Para saber más sobre las distintas formas de hablar en futuro.

La estructura básica del "going to":
 La estructura básica del afirmativo del "going to": (somebody=alguien; somewhere-algún sitio; something=algo)

suj
aux         going to
verbo
MP3
I               am          going to eat          something.           Voy a comer algo.
You         are          going to talk         to somebody.       Vas a hablar con alguien.
He          is             going to listen      to something.       Va a escuchar algo. (él)
She        is             going to read       something.           Va a leer algo. (ella)
It              is             going to go           somewhere.         Va a ir a algún sitio.
We          are          going to look        at something.       Vamos a mirar algo.
You         are          going to wear       something.           Vais a poneros algo.
They       are          going to sit            somewhere.        Van a sentarse en algún sitio.
Nota: Con el "going to" se utilizan tres verbos: la forma correspondiente del verbo "to be" como verbo auxilar, "going to" y la forma básica del verbo (el infinitivo) como verbo principal.

Nota: Las palabras "going to" se suelen pronunciar "gotta" (suena como la palabra "cara" en español).

 La estructura básica del negativo del "going to":

suj
aux         not          going to
verbo
MP3
I               am          not          going to eat          something.           No voy a comer algo.
You         are          not          going to talk         to somebody.       No vas a hablar con alguien.
He          is             not          going to listen      to something.       No va a escuchar algo. (él)
She        is             not          going to read       something.           No va a leer algo. (ella)
It              is             not          going to go           somewhere.         No va a ir a algún sitio.
We          are          not          going to look        at something.       No vamos a mirar algo.
You         are          not          going to wear       something.           No vais a poneros algo.
They       are          not          going to sit            somewhere.        No van a sentarse en algún sitio.
Nota: Contracciones: Se suele contraer "It is" con "it's", "it is not" con "it's not" o "it isn't", "you are" con "you're", "we are not" con "we're not" o "we aren't", "that is" con "that's", "that is not" con "that's not" o "that isn't", etc. (Nota: "I am not" solamente se contrae con "I'm not").

 La estructura básica del interrogativo del "going to": (anywhere = alguna o cualquier parte, anybody = cualquiera, alguien, anything = cualquier cosa, algo)

aux        
suj
going to
verbo
MP3
Am         I               going to eat          something?          ¿Voy a comer algo?
Are         you         going to talk         to somebody?     ¿Vas a hablar con alguien?
Is             he           going to listen      to something?     ¿Va a escuchar algo? (él)
Is             she         going to read       something?          ¿Va a leer algo? (ella)
Is             it              going to go           somewhere?       ¿Va a ir a algún sitio?
Are         we          going to look        at something?     ¿Vamos a mirar algo?
Are         you         going to wear       something?          ¿Vais a poneros algo?
Are         they        going to sit            somewhere?      ¿Van a sentarse en algún sitio?
Nota: La palabra "some" y "any" a veces significan lo mismo. La principal diferencia es que "some" se suele utilizar para afirmativas y "any" para negativas y interrogativas.
Nota: Para hacer la pregunta en la forma interrogativa del "going to" simplemente se intercambia el verbo "to be" con el sujeto .

Para que se utiliza "going to":

1. Para hablar sobre intenciones en el futuro - "I'm going to travel." (Voy a viajar.) "He's going to lose weight." (Va a adelgazar.) "I am going to have lunch with the boss tomorrow." (Voy a comer con el jefe mañana.)

2. Para hablar sobre predicciones basadas en mucha evidencia. - "The weather report says it's going to rain this evening so bring your umbrella." (El informe sobre el tiempo dice que va a llover esta tarde así que trae tu paraguas.) "The Economist" says the price of gasoline is going to go up so buy a more fuel-efficient car." ("The Economist" dice que el precio de la gasolina va a subir así que compra un coche más eficiente.)


Idiomatic future going to

The "going to" is used to discuss future intentions. It is only one of the possible structures that exist in English to speak in future.

To learn more about the different ways of talking in future.

The basic structure of "going to":
 The basic structure so the "going to" (= someone somebody, somewhere, somewhere, something = something)

suj
aux going to
verb
MP3
I am going to eat something. I will eat something.
You are going to talk to somebody. You'll talk to someone.
He is going to listen to something. You will hear something. (It)
She is going to read something. Going to read something. (It)
It is going to go somewhere. Going to go somewhere.
We are going to look at something. Let's look at something.
You are going to wear something. You're going to put you something.
They are going to sit somewhere. Going to sit somewhere.
Note: With the "going to" three verbs are used: the corresponding form of the verb "to be" as a verb use auxiliary, "going to" and the basic form of the verb (the infinitive) as a main verb.

Note: The words "going to" is usually pronounced "gotta" (sounds like the word "face" in Spanish).

 The basic structure of the negative of "going to":

suj
not going to aux
verb
MP3
I am not going to eat something. I will not eat something.
You are not going to talk to somebody. You will not talk to someone.
I is not going to listen to something. You will not hear anything. (It)
She is not going to read something. It will not read something. (It)
It is not going to go somewhere. It will not go anywhere.
We are not going to look at something. We will not look at something.
You are not going to wear something. You are not going to put you something.
They are not going to sit somewhere. They're not going to sit somewhere.
Note: Contractions: It usually catch "It is" with "it's", "it is not" with "it's not" or "it is not," "you are" with "you're", "we are not" with "we're not" or "we are not", "that is" with "that's", "that is not" with "that's not" or "that is not", etc.. (Note: "I am not" only contracts with "I'm not").

 The basic structure of the questioning of "going to": (anywhere = some or any part, anybody = anyone, anyone, anything = anything, something)

aux
suj
going to
verb
MP3
Am I going to eat something? Am I going to eat something?
Are you going to talk to somebody? Are you going to talk to someone?
Is he going to listen to something? Will you hear something? (It)
Is she going to read something? Will you read something? (It)
Is it going to go somewhere? Are you going somewhere?
Are we going to look at something? Are we going to look at something?
Are you going to wear something? Are you going to put you something?
They are going to sit somewhere? Will you sit down somewhere?
Note: The word "some" and "any" mean the same thing sometimes. The main difference is that "some" is often used for yes and "any" to negative and interrogative.
Note: To ask the question in the interrogative form of "going to" simply exchanges the verb "to be" with the subject.

How to use "going to":

1. To discuss future intentions - "I'm going to travel." (I'll go.) "He's going to lose weight." (You will lose weight.) "I am going To Have lunch with the boss tomorrow." (I'll eat with the boss tomorrow.)

1.     To discuss predictions based on much evidence. - "The weather report says it's going to rain this evening so bring your umbrella." (The report about the weather says it will rain this afternoon so bring your umbrella.) "The Economist" says the price of gasoline is going to go up so buy a more fuel-efficient car. "(" The Economist "says the price of gasoline going up so buy a car more efficient.)
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Auxiliares modales





Auxiliares Modales


Los verbos modals son una categoría de verbos auxiliares. Verbos modales también se llaman modales auxiliares o simplemente modales. Hay diez verbos modales ingleses:

can                        could
may                       might
shall                      should
will                         would
must                      ought to
Los modales expresan el modo de un verbo: la capacidad, la posibilidad, la necesidad u una otra condición del verbo principal.

Estes verbos se usan con verbos principales para formar afirmaciones o preguntas. Los modales no tienen conjugaciones ni tiempo y no se pueden usar sin verbo principal.

En inglés, el verbo principal siempre queda en forma infinitiva sin to, excepto el modal ought.

En una afirmación, el orden de las palabras es sujeto + modal + verbo principal.

sujeto     modal    verbo principal
They
Ellos       can
pueden  come.
venir.

Mike
Mike       should
debe      walk.
caminar.
En las preguntas, el orden de palabras es modal + sujeto + verbo principal.

preguntas de sí o no (yes-no questions)
modal    sujeto     verbo principal
Can
¿Pueden               they        come?
venir?

Should
¿Debería              Mike
Mike       drive?
manejar?
preguntas informativas (wh- questions)
wh- word               modal    sujeto     verbo principal
When
¿Cuándo              can
pueden  they        come?
venir?

How
¿Cómo  could
podría    he           know?
saber?

Can

El modal can, como el verbo español poder, indica una posibilidad o una capacidad.

Tom can help you.
Tom puede ayudarte.
Wild animals can be dangerous.
Los animales salvajes pueden ser peligrosos.

Eating out can be costly.
Comer fuera puede ser costoso.
En preguntas, se utiliza can para solicitar permiso de hacer algo o sea para preguntar sobre una posibilidad.
Can I help you?
¿Puedo ayudarle?
Can Mike have dinner with us?
¿Mike puede cenar con nosotros?

Who can answer the next question?
¿Quién puede contestar a la próxima pregunta?
When can we get back the results?
¿Cuándo podemos tener los resultados?


Could

El modal could indica una posibilidad o una capacidad en el pasado.

I could have told you that.
Podría haberte dicho eso.

It could have been a disaster.
Podría haber sido un desastre.

When I was young, I could run very fast.
Cuando era jóven, podía correr muy rápidamente.
Could se utiliza para especular sobre unas posibilidades futuras. En estes ejemplos, could y might son sinónimos.
It could / might rain tonight.
Puede llover esta noche.
This could / might be dangerous.
Eso puede / podría ser peligroso.

En las preguntas de sí o no, could especula sobre unas posibilidades en el presente o el futuro.
Could she be the murderer?
¿Puede / Podría ser ella el asesina?

Could this be a mistake?
¿Podría ser esto un error?
Could indica una opción.

We could go see a movie.
Podemos / Podríamos ver una película.
I could become a doctor.
Puedo / Podría hacerme médico.

En las preguntas de sí o no, could hace una solicitud cortés. En estes ejemplos, could y can son sinónimos.
Could / Can you open your window?
¿Puede usted abrir su ventana?
Could / Can you help me move this sofa?
¿Puedes ayudarme a mover este sofá?

Se usa could para formar el condicional el cual contiene dos oraciones: una con "if" (si) y la otra con el resultado. Could está puesto en la oración del resultado.

En estos afirmaciones, could expresa una situación hipotética:

If I had time, I could play tennis with you.
Si tuviera tiempo, podría jugar tennis contigo.
We could study together, if you want to.
Podemos estudiar juntos, si quieres.

If it weren't raining, we could go on a picnic.
Si no estuviera lloviendo, podríamos ir de picnic.
Se usa could para especular sobre una posibilidad que no llega  hacer realizado porque una condición no llega hacer cumplido.
If we had left sooner, we could have taken the train.
Si hubiéramos salido más pronto, podríamos haber tomado el tren.
I could have passed the exam, if I had studied more.
Podría haber pasado el examen si hubiera estudiado más.

I'm glad we took umbrellas. We could have gotten soaked.
Estoy feliz que hayamos llevado paraguas. Podríamos habernos empapado.

Modal Auxiliaries


Modals verbs are a class of auxiliary verbs. Modal verbs are also called modal auxiliaries or simply manners. There are ten English modal verbs:

Could can
may might
Should Marshall
will would
Must ought to
Manners express the mode of a verb: the ability, possibility, the need or another condition of the main verb.

Estes verbs with main verbs are used to form statements or questions. Conjugates have no manners and no time and can not be used without a main verb.

In English the main verb is always in the infinitive without to, except the modal ought.

In a statement, the word order is subject + modal + main verb.

subject main verb modal
They
They can
can eat.
coming.

Mike
Should Mike
must walk.
walk.
For questions, word order is subject + modal + main verb.

yes or no questions (yes-no questions)
subject main verb modal
Dog
Can They Come?
come?

Should
Should Mike
Mike drive?
drive?
wh-questions (wh-questions)
subject wh-word main verb modal
When
When can
can They Come?
come?

How
How Could
could I know?
know?

Dog

The modal can, as the Spanish verb power, indicates a possibility or capacity.

Tom can help you.
Tom can help.
Wild animals can be dangerous.
Wild animals can be dangerous.

Eating out can be costly.
Eating out can be expensive.
In questions can be used to request permission to do something or to ask about a possibility.
Can I help you?
¿I can help?
Mike Can Have dinner with us?
Mike ¿dine with us?

Who can answer the next question?
Who can answer the next question?
When can we get back the results?
When can we get the results?


Could

Could The modal indicates a possibility or an ability in the past.

I Could have told you that.
I could have said that.

It Could have been a disaster.
It could have been a disaster.

When I was young, I Could run very fast.
When I was young, he could run very fast.
Could be used to speculate on future possibilities. In the following examples could and might are synonymous.
It could / might rain tonight.
It may rain tonight.
This could / might be dangerous.
That may / might be dangerous.

In the questions yes or no, could speculates about possibilities in the present or the future.
Could she be the murderer?
Can / Could she be the killer?

Could this be a mistake?
Could this be a mistake?
Could indicates an option.

Could we go see a movie.
We can / could see a movie.
I Could Become a doctor.
I can / could become a doctor.

In the questions yes or no, Could make a polite request. In the following examples could and can are synonymous.
Could / Can you open your window?
Can you open your window?
Could / Can you help me Move This sofa?
Can you help me move this couch?

Could mentions the conditional form which contains two sentences: one with "if" (if) and the other with the result. Could prayer is on the result.

In these statements, expressed Could a hypothetical situation:

If I had time, I Could play tennis with you.
If I had time, you could play tennis.
Could we study together, if you want to.
We study together, if you want.

If It Were not raining, We Could go on a picnic.
If it were not raining, we could go on a picnic.
Used Could mentions a possibility that not happen because a condition was not met.
If We Had left sooner, we Could have taken the train.
If we had gone sooner, could have taken the train.
I Could Have Passed the exam, if I Had Studied more.
Could have passed the test if I had studied more.

I'm glad we Took umbrellas. We Could have gotten soaked.
I am happy that we brought umbrellas. We could have soaked.
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