Futuro idiomático going to




Futuro idiomático going to

El "going to" se utiliza para hablar sobre intenciones en el futuro. Es solamente una de las posibles estructuras que hay en inglés para hablar en futuro.

Para saber más sobre las distintas formas de hablar en futuro.

La estructura básica del "going to":
 La estructura básica del afirmativo del "going to": (somebody=alguien; somewhere-algún sitio; something=algo)

suj
aux         going to
verbo
MP3
I               am          going to eat          something.           Voy a comer algo.
You         are          going to talk         to somebody.       Vas a hablar con alguien.
He          is             going to listen      to something.       Va a escuchar algo. (él)
She        is             going to read       something.           Va a leer algo. (ella)
It              is             going to go           somewhere.         Va a ir a algún sitio.
We          are          going to look        at something.       Vamos a mirar algo.
You         are          going to wear       something.           Vais a poneros algo.
They       are          going to sit            somewhere.        Van a sentarse en algún sitio.
Nota: Con el "going to" se utilizan tres verbos: la forma correspondiente del verbo "to be" como verbo auxilar, "going to" y la forma básica del verbo (el infinitivo) como verbo principal.

Nota: Las palabras "going to" se suelen pronunciar "gotta" (suena como la palabra "cara" en español).

 La estructura básica del negativo del "going to":

suj
aux         not          going to
verbo
MP3
I               am          not          going to eat          something.           No voy a comer algo.
You         are          not          going to talk         to somebody.       No vas a hablar con alguien.
He          is             not          going to listen      to something.       No va a escuchar algo. (él)
She        is             not          going to read       something.           No va a leer algo. (ella)
It              is             not          going to go           somewhere.         No va a ir a algún sitio.
We          are          not          going to look        at something.       No vamos a mirar algo.
You         are          not          going to wear       something.           No vais a poneros algo.
They       are          not          going to sit            somewhere.        No van a sentarse en algún sitio.
Nota: Contracciones: Se suele contraer "It is" con "it's", "it is not" con "it's not" o "it isn't", "you are" con "you're", "we are not" con "we're not" o "we aren't", "that is" con "that's", "that is not" con "that's not" o "that isn't", etc. (Nota: "I am not" solamente se contrae con "I'm not").

 La estructura básica del interrogativo del "going to": (anywhere = alguna o cualquier parte, anybody = cualquiera, alguien, anything = cualquier cosa, algo)

aux        
suj
going to
verbo
MP3
Am         I               going to eat          something?          ¿Voy a comer algo?
Are         you         going to talk         to somebody?     ¿Vas a hablar con alguien?
Is             he           going to listen      to something?     ¿Va a escuchar algo? (él)
Is             she         going to read       something?          ¿Va a leer algo? (ella)
Is             it              going to go           somewhere?       ¿Va a ir a algún sitio?
Are         we          going to look        at something?     ¿Vamos a mirar algo?
Are         you         going to wear       something?          ¿Vais a poneros algo?
Are         they        going to sit            somewhere?      ¿Van a sentarse en algún sitio?
Nota: La palabra "some" y "any" a veces significan lo mismo. La principal diferencia es que "some" se suele utilizar para afirmativas y "any" para negativas y interrogativas.
Nota: Para hacer la pregunta en la forma interrogativa del "going to" simplemente se intercambia el verbo "to be" con el sujeto .

Para que se utiliza "going to":

1. Para hablar sobre intenciones en el futuro - "I'm going to travel." (Voy a viajar.) "He's going to lose weight." (Va a adelgazar.) "I am going to have lunch with the boss tomorrow." (Voy a comer con el jefe mañana.)

2. Para hablar sobre predicciones basadas en mucha evidencia. - "The weather report says it's going to rain this evening so bring your umbrella." (El informe sobre el tiempo dice que va a llover esta tarde así que trae tu paraguas.) "The Economist" says the price of gasoline is going to go up so buy a more fuel-efficient car." ("The Economist" dice que el precio de la gasolina va a subir así que compra un coche más eficiente.)


Idiomatic future going to

The "going to" is used to discuss future intentions. It is only one of the possible structures that exist in English to speak in future.

To learn more about the different ways of talking in future.

The basic structure of "going to":
 The basic structure so the "going to" (= someone somebody, somewhere, somewhere, something = something)

suj
aux going to
verb
MP3
I am going to eat something. I will eat something.
You are going to talk to somebody. You'll talk to someone.
He is going to listen to something. You will hear something. (It)
She is going to read something. Going to read something. (It)
It is going to go somewhere. Going to go somewhere.
We are going to look at something. Let's look at something.
You are going to wear something. You're going to put you something.
They are going to sit somewhere. Going to sit somewhere.
Note: With the "going to" three verbs are used: the corresponding form of the verb "to be" as a verb use auxiliary, "going to" and the basic form of the verb (the infinitive) as a main verb.

Note: The words "going to" is usually pronounced "gotta" (sounds like the word "face" in Spanish).

 The basic structure of the negative of "going to":

suj
not going to aux
verb
MP3
I am not going to eat something. I will not eat something.
You are not going to talk to somebody. You will not talk to someone.
I is not going to listen to something. You will not hear anything. (It)
She is not going to read something. It will not read something. (It)
It is not going to go somewhere. It will not go anywhere.
We are not going to look at something. We will not look at something.
You are not going to wear something. You are not going to put you something.
They are not going to sit somewhere. They're not going to sit somewhere.
Note: Contractions: It usually catch "It is" with "it's", "it is not" with "it's not" or "it is not," "you are" with "you're", "we are not" with "we're not" or "we are not", "that is" with "that's", "that is not" with "that's not" or "that is not", etc.. (Note: "I am not" only contracts with "I'm not").

 The basic structure of the questioning of "going to": (anywhere = some or any part, anybody = anyone, anyone, anything = anything, something)

aux
suj
going to
verb
MP3
Am I going to eat something? Am I going to eat something?
Are you going to talk to somebody? Are you going to talk to someone?
Is he going to listen to something? Will you hear something? (It)
Is she going to read something? Will you read something? (It)
Is it going to go somewhere? Are you going somewhere?
Are we going to look at something? Are we going to look at something?
Are you going to wear something? Are you going to put you something?
They are going to sit somewhere? Will you sit down somewhere?
Note: The word "some" and "any" mean the same thing sometimes. The main difference is that "some" is often used for yes and "any" to negative and interrogative.
Note: To ask the question in the interrogative form of "going to" simply exchanges the verb "to be" with the subject.

How to use "going to":

1. To discuss future intentions - "I'm going to travel." (I'll go.) "He's going to lose weight." (You will lose weight.) "I am going To Have lunch with the boss tomorrow." (I'll eat with the boss tomorrow.)

1.     To discuss predictions based on much evidence. - "The weather report says it's going to rain this evening so bring your umbrella." (The report about the weather says it will rain this afternoon so bring your umbrella.) "The Economist" says the price of gasoline is going to go up so buy a more fuel-efficient car. "(" The Economist "says the price of gasoline going up so buy a car more efficient.)

0 comentarios:

Publicar un comentario en la entrada